The Louis Vuitton Story

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the story behind louis vuitton

The Louis Vuitton Story Success

Let’s explore the fascinating Louis Vuitton story. Louis Vuitton is the top fashion luxury brand in the world. its story is inspirational and inspirational for anyone going through hard times.

The Louis Vuitton story is a true saga of rags to riches, difficulty, triumphs, falls and overcoming life’s challenges.

We’re also giving away a free ebook on the Louis Vuitton product. Scroll down to the bottom of the post to download a copy of this free e-book.

Louis Vuitton iconic pieces include:


The Speedy.
Pochette Accessories.
Neverfull shoulder bag.
Noe drawstring shoulder bag.
Keepall, a bag for everyday use.
Noe, a bag to carry wine and champagne.
Alma, a redesign of a Coco Chanel commission.

The homeless story behind Louis Vuitton brand

Louis Vuitton is the leading luxury brand in the world and is valued at over $30 billion. Its history dates back to the 19th century and begins with a homeless teenager who could only dream of success.

With no money or food, that teenager worked odd jobs with artisans and craftsmen to survive. He barely made any money but learned valuable skills.

This foundation led to the pioneering of the modern luggage industry and helped Mr. Vuitton to create a billion-dollar empire.

Louis Vuitton’s childhood

Louis Vuitton was born and raised in Anchay, France in the 19th century. His father was a farmer while his mother was a hat-maker. During that time, France was still recovering from the Napoleonic Wars. Many farmers, including the Vuittons, faced bankruptcy.

From a young age, Louis had no choice but to work on the family farm. From dusk to dawn, he planted and harvested crops. He raised the animals and stockpiled firewood. However, when Louis turned ten, life became even more difficult.

His mother passed away, and soon after, his father remarried. Louis’ stepmother was as wicked as the villains in fairy tales. She made Louis’ life miserable. Eventually, he had enough.

After Louis celebrated his thirteenth birthday, he quietly slipped away from the farmhouse and headed to Paris with no money or food.

Louis Vuitton ventures in the fashion industry

Fortunately, Louis found odd jobs with artisans and craftsmen. They taught him how to work with metal, stone, fabrics, and wood. Still, he had no money leftover for shelter and became homeless. He often slept in the woods with only a cloak to keep him warm.

At the time, the first railway line to Paris had just opened. Travel became more accessible, and the industry started to boom. Craftsmen capitalized on this by making custom boxes for aristocrats.

They often traveled with paintings, instruments, and furniture, and needed boxes that could fit and withstand long trips. These aristocrats also needed help with packing their belongings in a certain way to protect them from breaking.

Since Louis learned some of the skills involved on his way to Paris, he decided to try and find work in the trade. Fortunately, a craftsman named Monsieur Maréchal hired Louis as an apprentice.

Louis Vuitton worked as the personal box-maker of the Empress of France

While Louis didn’t earn much, his willingness to learn paid off in more ways than one. He became a favorite amongst Maréchal’s clients. Later, the Empress of France appointed him as her personal box-maker.

After working for the Empress for a year, Louis became more in-demand and opened his first shop. Early on, Louis came up with ideas for new products that changed the industry standard.

Louis Vuitton ventures into canvas

At the time, traditional boxes were made with leather and were rectangular-shaped. The lids were dome so that water would run off the top instead of soaking through the leather.

This made the boxes impossible to stack and time-consuming to load. To tackle these problems, Louis experimented with new materials and settled on canvas.
When compared to leather, the canvas was lighter, durable, and more water-resistant.

This allowed boxes to have simple, flat lids — making them possible to stack and easier to load. And while waterproofing compounds made the color grey, it looked more clean and modern.

Using canvas material, Louis created a slat trunk. His new product marked the birth of modern luggage. Initially, customers were skeptical of the advantages of canvas. However, the design took off within two years and became known as an elegant and must-have accessory.

Louis Vuitton handbag history

Afterward, Louis set out to do the same thing with a new invention called handbags. At the time, handbags were not embraced by society. Many people complained that they were inelegant, bulky, and would cause injuries to women.

Still, Louis believed that handbags had potential and started making them with canvas. They immediately took off and created the demand for more styles so that women could pair them with different outfits.

Louis Vuitton brings his son Georges into the family business

Eventually, Louis could not keep up and enlisted help from his son, Georges. Like his father, Georges came up with new ideas that changed the industry standard. He created a tumbler lock that turned trunks into treasure chests and prevented theft.

Up until then, most trunks had locks that could be easily picked. The family’s products became even more desirable. But soon after, production came to a halt. War erupted and destroyed the business, making Louis homeless for a second time.

The devastating effect of the Franco-Prussian war on Louis Vuitton

At the height of Louis’ business, the Franco-Prussian war erupted. Louis and his family were forced to leave their home and workshop in Asnières outside Paris and head to the city. They lived in a cramped shelter amongst thousands of other refugees.

Food became so scarce that the Vuittons nearly starved to death. When the war ended, Louis returned home. He was devastated to find his materials stolen and his workshop destroyed.

Louis Vuitton rebuilds his brand

Using the remainder of his savings, Louis wasted no time in rebuilding his workshop and finding a new shop location. Fortunately for him, property prices dropped because of the war. Louis took advantage of the opportunity and purchased a shop in an upscale district.

Within months of reopening, business was thriving again. Orders came in from all over the world. Louis now felt the need to try new and bolder ideas. At the time, technology was advanced enough to print custom patterns on fabric.

Louis Vuitton designs are worn by royals

Since canvas is a fabric, Louis was able to create a line of trunks covered in a striped pattern. The new design took off immediately. It gave people a way to stand out and show how up-to-date they are.

It also made it more difficult for counterfeiters to copy Louis’ work. Afterward, Louis received so many international orders that he opened a shop in London. The expansion led to diversifying his clientele, which included more royals and explorers.

From then on, Louis was known as the only designer whose products could be found in both the homes of the elite and within exotic rainforests. Eventually, Louis decided to release his first catalog to make ordering easy.

Louis Vuitton passes on at age seventy two

It was a practical move that was bound to bring the business to new heights. But within that same year, an unexpected tragedy stomped on Louis’ efforts. Louis suddenly passed away in his home at the age of 72. The cause of his death remains unknown.

Georges takes over the Louis Vuitton empire

It was now up to Georges to take on his father’s unfinished plans. Georges wasted no time in growing the business and traveled to the U.S. to attend the World Fair. The experience made him realize that he needed an international sales network.

Fortunately for him, he met someone at the fair who could help. His name was John Wanamaker. John pioneered the concept of the department store and invented the price tag.

After meeting Georges, John Wanamaker started selling LV in his New York department store. It became the first in the U.S. to carry the brand.

Louis Vuitton monogram story

It was then that Georges created a monogram in memory of his father. He designed a floral pattern with an interlocking L and V. Customers were shocked to see the monogram on products.

They were used to only embellishing their own names or initials on bags. But eventually, times changed, and the new design took off. From then on, Georges and his son, Gaston, continued to follow Louis’ footsteps and created new designs.

Georges Vuitton passes on

By then, Georges had toured all over the U.S. and built a distribution network. Like his father, he was bound to bring the business to new heights.

Sadly, history repeated itself. Georges Vuitton passed away, leaving Gaston to complete Louis’ unfinished plans alone.

World War 11 wreaks havoc on the Louis Vuitton company

Gaston was off to a poor start. The Second World War erupted, and contracts were canceled. Gaston had no choice but to shut down Louis Vuitton’s factory and stores.

In Louis Vuitton, A French Saga, the author claims that Gaston became so
desperate to survive that he collaborated with the ruling party for Germany.
Gaston allegedly gave the green light to produce commemorative busts and set up a shop in Vichy.

The author also claims that while shops like Van Cleef and Arpels were shut down, LV was the only one allowed to stay open.

A Louis Vuitton spokesperson later commented,

“This is ancient history. We are diverse, tolerant and all the things a modern company should be.”

If this is true, the company should set this wrong right.

The heirs rebuild the Louis Vuitton brand after World War 11

After the war ended, Gaston tasked his sons, Henry, Jacques, and Claude, with rebuilding the company. With their father’s guidance, the sons ensured new models of luggage were made each year.

But after Gaston’s passing, business stagnated. Hard-sided luggage became less popular. Henry, Jacques, and Claude were divided about how to run the company.

The Henry Racamier era

So they asked their sister’s husband, Henry Racamier, to take over. By then, Henry had founded and sold a steel trading company for a large profit. He had a keen business acumen and pivoted LV from wholesale to retail and tapped into the Asian market.

Within six years, LV sales soared from $20 million to over $260 million. It was around then that Henry made Louis Vuitton a publicly-traded company. The company’s stock sold out after more than one million shares were sold.

Two months later, LV’s stock price started to fluctuate. Analysts warned that sales might fall since counterfeit goods were on the rise. Still, Henry forged ahead with opening stores all over the world.

Within just a few years, he proved the analysts wrong. Louis Vuitton reached nearly $1 billion in sales. It merged with Möet-Hennessy, a champagne and cognac producer. A luxury goods conglomerate called Louis Vuitton Möet-Hennessy was formed.

Louis Vuitton Möet-Hennessy

The goal of both companies was to prevent the threat of an outside takeover.
The merger allowed LV to expand its investments. However, Henry found himself embroiled in management disputes with Möet-Hennessy’s president, Alain Chevalier.

In hopes of gaining control, Henry asked a property developer named Bernard Arnault to be his ally. He agreed, but soon after, Henry realized that Bernard had his own ambitions.

Bernard secretly bought a controlling interest in LVMH for himself and gained support from the Möet and Hennessy families. Afterward, a legal battle between Henry and Bernard ensued.

The courts favored Bernard and forced Henry to step down. From then on, LV fell behind when compared to other luxury brands. It was considered a smaller business, and sales plummeted.

The decline of the Louis Vuitton brand

No journalist dared to speak highly of the brand. Things changed, however, when Louis Vuitton came up with a new and bold idea. This was under the leadership of Yves Carcelle.

The company invited designers such as Vivienne Westwood, Isaac Mizrahi, and
Manolo Blahnik to create handbags using its monogram for its 100th anniversary.

At the time, such collaborations were practically unheard of, and handbags
weren’t a thing in the world of luxury. Still, the collaboration was well-received and put both LV and handbags back on the map.

The resurgence of Louis Vuitton

One year later, LV hired a designer named Marc Jacobs to be their creative director. Marc revitalized the brand by launching its first ready-to-wear
line. He designed its popular Vernis collection, and collaborated with
high-profile artists — starting with Stephen Sprouse and Takashi Murakami.

Since then, Louis Vuitton has expanded into watches, jewelry and sunglasses,
and continues to launch iconic bags. The company also continues to make everything in-house. Craftsmen must train for two years, and some pieces require 300 stages to assemble.

Louis Vuitton today

Today, LV ranks as the No.1 luxury brand in the world, and its valuation has topped $30 billion. This is the story of how a homeless teenager pioneered modern luggage and laid the foundation for a billion-dollar empire.

By fashonana

Fashonana is a fashion blog for the fashionable woman of this era.

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